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Column1 Robert Clive: Governor of Bengal during 1757-60 and again during 1765-67 and established Dual Government in Bengal from 1765-72. 
1 Vanisttart (1760-65) : The Battle of Buxar (1764). 

Cartier (1769-72): Bengal Famine (1770).
2 Warren Hastings (1772-74) : Abolished Dual Government (1772).



Governor-Generals of Bengal (1774-1833)
3 Warren Hastings (1774-85): Became Governor-General in 1774 through the Regulating Act, 1773; Wrote introduction to the first English translation of the 'Gita' by Charles Wilkins; Founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in 1784.

Revenue Reforms: Auctioned the right to collect land revenue to the highest bidder; Divided Bengal into districts and appointed collectors and other revenue officials.

Judicial Reforms : Started Diwani and Faujdari adalats at the district level and Sadar diwani and Nizamat adalats (appellate courts) at Calcutta; Redefined Hindu and Muslim laws; A translation of the code in Sanskrit appeared in 1776 under the title of "Code of Gentoo laws". Wars : Rohilla War (1774); 1st Anglo-Maratha War (1776-82); 2nd Anglo- Mysore War (1780-84).
4 Lord Cornwallis (1786-93) : First person to codify laws in 1793. The code separated the revenue administration from the administration of justice; Created post of district judge; Introduced Permanent Settlement in Bengal (1793); Cornwallis is called 'the father of civil service in India'. Wars ; 3rd Anglo-Mysore War (defeat of Tipu and the Treaty of Seringapatanam, 1792)
5 Sir John Shore (1793-98) : Introduced the 1st Charter Act (1793).
Wars Battle of Kharda between Nizam and the Marathas (1795)
6 Lord Wellesley (1798-1805) : Started Subsidiary Alliance system to achieve
British paramountcy in India; Madras Presidency was formed during his
tenure.
Wars ; 4th Anglo-Mysore War (1799)—defeat and the death of Tipu Sultan; 2nd Anglo -Maratha War (1803-05)-defeat of the Scindia, the Bhonsle and the Holkar; Treaty of Bassein (1802). 
7 George Barlow (1805-1807) : Vellore Mutiny (1806)
8 Lord Minto I (1807-1813) : Concluded Treaty of Amritsar with Ranjit Singh (1809); Charter Act of 1813 was passed.
9 Lord Hastings (1813-1823) : Adopted the policy of intervention and war. Wars ; Anglo-Nepalese War (1813-23); 3rd Anglo-Maratha War (1817-18). Hastings forced humiliating treaties on Peshwa and the Scindia; Introduced the Ryotwari settlement in Madras by Thomas Munro, the Governor. 
10 Lord Amherst (1823-28) : Wars : 1st Burmese War (1824-26); Acquisition of territories in Malay Penisula; Capture of Bharatpur (1826).
11 Lord W. Bentick (1828-33): Most liberal and enlightened Governor-General of India; Regarded as 'the Father of Modern Western Education in India'; Abolished Sati and other cruel rites (1829); Annexation of Mysore (1831). Concluded a treaty of perpetual friendship with Ranjit Singh (1831); Passed the Charter Act of 1833, which provided that no Indian subject of Company was to be debarred from holding an office on account of his religion, place of birth, descent and colour.
Gooweimnr (Gfinfirrifc at$ India (M3B-SB) 
12 Lord W. Bentick (1833-35): Macaulay's minutes on education were accepted declaring that English should be the official language of India; Abolished provincial courts of appeal and circuit set up by Cornwallis, appointment of commissioners of revenue and circuit.
Wars : Annexed Coorg (1834), Central Cachar (1834) on the plea of misgo vernment.
13 Sir Charles Metcalfe (1834-1836) : Passed the famous Press Law, which liberated the press in India.
14 Lord Auckland (1836-42): 1st Anglo-Afghan War (1836-42)—great blow to the prestige of the British in India.
15 Lord Ellenborough (1842-44): Brought an end to the Afghan War; Annexation of Sindh (1843); War with Gwalior (1843).
16 Lord Hardings I (1844-48) : 1st Anglo-Sikh war (1845-46) and the Treaty of Lahore, 1846 (marked the end of Sikh sovereignty in India); Gave preference to English educated in employment.
17 Lord Dalhousie (1848-56) : Abolished Titles and Pensions, Widow Remarriage Act (1856).
Wars : Introduced Doctrine of Lapse (Captured Satara (1848), Jaitpur and Sambhalpur (1849), Baghat (1850), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853) and Nagpur (1854); Fought 2nd Anglo-Sikh War (1848-49) and annexed the whole of the Punjab; 2nd Anglo-Burmese War (1852) and annexation of Lower Burma or Pegu; Annexation of Berar in 1853; Annexation of Avadh in 1856 on charges of mal-administration.
Administrative Reforms : Introduced the system of Centralized control in the newly acquired territories known as Bon-Regulation system; Raised Gurkha regiments.
Education Reforms : Recommended the Thomsonian system of Vernacular education for whole of the Northwestern Provinces (1853);

1 comments:

Amarjeet Sharman said...

General Knowledge of Indian History in Hindi ,World GK Question